Tooth DecayTooth decay, also known as dental caries, is a bacterial infection that accounts for the demineralization of a tooth's enamel due to the production of acid – the result of bacterial fermentation of food debris that has accumulated on the tooth's surface.
When demineralization exceeds the production of saliva and other factors such as calcium and toothpastes with fluoride, the enamel progressively breaks down and creates holes in the teeth, also known as cavities.
Preventing Tooth DecayPrevention is the best method to battle tooth decay. Proper oral hygiene habits practiced regularly, as well as eating a well-balanced diet and regular visits to your dentist are all musts.
When your dentist checks your teeth for signs of tooth decay, he will usea dental instrument to help him/her identify any pits or grooves and feel for soft spots on teeth.
While tooth decay is sometimes visible to the eye, often an x-ray is required to view the inside of your tooth to ensure the structural integrity is healthy and intact and there are no signs of damage.